What Are the Major Landforms Class 6

NCERT Solutions for Class 6, Geography Chapter 6 – Major Landforms of the Earth

The finest resources to use to comprehend all the ideas and information used in this chapter are the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 – Major Landforms of the Earth. Your questions will be answered because every solution has been accurately and simply stated. S0, Let’s started…


Exercises What Are the Major Landforms Class 6


1. Answer the following questions briefly.


(a) What are the major landforms?

Answer: The major landforms are:


  1.  Mountains
  2.  Plains
  3.  Plateaus

(b) What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau?

Answer: The difference between a mountain and a plateau is given below:
The difference between a mountain and a plateau



 (c) What are the different types of mountains?

Answer: There are 3 different types of Mountains. They are:
  1. Fold Mountains
  2. Block Mountains
  3. Volcanic Mountains

(d) How are mountains useful to man?

Answer: Mountains are useful to man in the following different ways:


  • Mountains are a storehouse of water.
  • Many rivers have their source in the glaciers in the mountains.
  • Water from the mountains is also used for irrigation and generation of hydroelectricity.
  • The river valleys and terraces are ideal for the cultivation of crops.
  • Mountains have a rich variety of flora and funa.
  • The mountains are a popular location for a number of sports, including paragliding, hang gliding, river rafting, and skiing.


(e) How are plains formed?

Answer: Rivers and their tributaries typically formed plains. Mountains erode when rivers run through their mountain slopes. The eroded material is carried forward by them. They transport the eroded debris, which is made up of stones, sand, and silt. These deposits lead to the formation of plains.

(f) Why are the river plains thickly populated?

Answer: River plains are thickly populated due to the following reasons:

River plains are fertile. Due to the fertile soils, The land is highly productive for agriculture. Plains are therefore the best places for human existence. As a result, building a transportation network is considerably simpler. As a result,  River plains are one of the world’s most thickly populated areas.

(g) Why are mountains thinly populated?

Answer: The following factors contribute to the Mountains are thinly populated:

 Mountain areas have very harsh climates. The slopes of the mountains are very steep which reduces the land available for farming. In the high mountain regions, it is difficult to build houses, roads, and other structures.

Q.2: Tick the correct answers.

(a) The mountains differ from the hills in terms of

(i) elevation

(ii) slope

(iii) aspect

Ans : (a) (i) elevation

(b) Glaciers are found in

(i) the mountains

(ii) the plains

(iii) the plateaus

Ans : (b) (i) the mountains

(c) The Deccan Plateau is located in

(i) Kenya

(ii) Australia

(iii) India

Ans : (c) (iii) India

(d) The river Yangtze flows in

(i) South America

(ii) Australia

(iii) China

Ans : (d) (iii) China

(e) An important mountain range of Europe is

(i) the Andes

(ii) the Alps

(iii) the Rockies

Ans : (e) (ii) the Alps 


3. Fill in the blanks.


  1. A ___________ is an unbroken flat or a low-level land.
  2. The Himalayas and the Alps are examples of _______________types of mountains.
  3. _____________ areas are rich in mineral deposits.
  4. The _________________ is a line of mountains.
  5. The ____________areas are most productive for farming.
Ans : 
(a) plain
(b) fold
(c) Plateau
(d) Himalayas
(e) plain

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